Effects of Surah Al-Rehman on pain, oxygen-saturation, and vital signs in post CABG patients: A Pilot Study

  • Muhammad Imran Foundation University College of Nursing, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Raisa Begum Gul Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Shumaila Batool Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Surah Al-Rehman, CABG pain, SPO2, vital signs

Abstract

Objective: The main objective of the study was to determine the effects of Surah Al-Rehman on post CABG patients’ pain level, oxygen saturation, and vital signs.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental pre and post-test design was used with a sample size of 60 patients in two tertiary care Hospitals, from July 2018 to September 2018. A non-probability convenient sampling method was used to recruit the participants. Post CABG adult Muslim patients were the study participants. Surah Al-Rehman’s recitation in the voice of the Qari Abdul Basit was the intervention for the current study. At a significance level of p-value ≤ 0.05, a repeated measure ANOVA was applied to determine the effects of Surah Al-Rehman on the outcome variables, which were patient’s pain level, oxygen saturation level, and vital signs including heart rate [HR], respiratory rate [RR], systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Results: Overall, Surah Al Rehman had shown statistically significant effects on the participants’ pain level (p<0.001), oxygen saturation level (p=0.01), respiratory rate (p<0.001), and diastole blood pressure (DBP, p=0.04). A minimum change in the pre and post values of HR and systolic blood pressure (SBP) was also observed, but statistically, this change was insignificant (HR, p=0.13 & SBP, p=0.47).

Conclusion: Findings of the current study demonstrated that listening to the recitation of Surah Al-Rehman could decrease pain level, RR, DBP and enhance oxygen-saturation in post CABG patients.

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Author Biographies

Muhammad Imran, Foundation University College of Nursing, Islamabad, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, Foundation University College of Nursing, Islamabad, Pakistan

Raisa Begum Gul, Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Dean & Professor, Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Shumaila Batool, Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Senior Lecturer, Shifa College of Nursing, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan

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Published
2021-08-01
How to Cite
1.
Imran M, Gul R, Batool S. Effects of Surah Al-Rehman on pain, oxygen-saturation, and vital signs in post CABG patients: A Pilot Study. JSTMU [Internet]. 1Aug.2021 [cited 27Oct.2021];4(1):32-8. Available from: https://j.stmu.edu.pk/ojs/index.php/jstmu/article/view/129