Evaluation of factors associated with acceptance of post-partum intrauterine contraceptive device in a tertiary care hospital
Objective: The post-partum intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUCD) is a highly effective, long acting, reversible, economical and easily accessible family planning method. The aim of the study was to estimate the proportion of pregnant women aware of immediate post-partum intrauterine contraceptive device and to analyze the factors associated with acceptance.
Methodology: This is a cross sectional study in which 300 pregnant were selected who were visiting the antenatal clinics and admitted in early labor in labor ward. Their awareness and acceptance for PPIUCD was assessed through a structured questionnaire. Factors associated with acceptance were analyzed and the reasons for acceptance or refusal were determined.
Results: In this study the awareness of PPIUCD was found to be 46% and the acceptance rate of PPIUCD was 18%. The major reason for refusal was that women don’t think they need contraception immediately after delivery and secondly, they need to talk to their partners for the decision. Most common reasons for acceptance of PPIUCD was that it is long acting and reversible.
Gravidity (p= 0.006), parity (p< 0.001), unplanned pregnancy (p= 0.002) and inter pregnancy interval (p= 0.004) were the factors significantly influencing the acceptance of PPIUCD.
Conclusion: This study revealed that awareness regarding PPIUCD is increasing in women but acceptance is still poor. It was due to misconception that no contraception is needed in postpartum period. Provision of adequate knowledge regarding convenience and effectiveness of post-partum contraception in preventing unintended pregnancies can play vital role to increase its acceptance.
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